Abstract : INTRODUCTION-There is variation in the in vitro efficiency of antibacterial agents against bacterial pathogens causing conjunctivitis. Thus, the current trends in the aetiology of conjunctivitis and its antimicrobial susceptibility must be updated to make a rational choice of initial antibiotic therapy. The study aim to identify bacteria causing conjunctivitis in children less than 2 years age and to analyse their antimicrobial susceptibility pattern.
METHOD-A study was conducted among 40 patients with conjunctivitis less than 2 years of age. Sociodemographic and clinical data were collected. Conjunctival swabs were collected using sterile swabs; gram staining was done and inoculated on MacConkey’s agar, chocolate agar and blood agar culture media. The antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of isolates was determined.
RESULT-Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae amounted to 90%. Overall 90% were susceptible to gentamicin, 80-85% to ciprofloxacin and ofloxacin.
CONCLUSION- Coagulase positive staphylococcus aureus were the most frequent bacteria isolated from the conjunctiva of the patient and most of them sensitive to aminoglycosides and fluoroquinolones.